El Salvador information registry, Jan-Dec 2018
During 2018, 1,724 people in the region were victims of violence. A total of 1,529 people were displaced, while 175 were not able to flee for various reasons. The following interactive graphic demonstrates the gender and displacement status of all victims.
According to Cristosal’s data, there are several factors that prevent people from moving after threats or acts of violence, and in some cases there are multiple factors working simultaneously. The main factors are lack of economic resources and a lack of temporary shelter, or someplace to stay after leaving their homes.
160 of the 175 people shared their reason for being unable to migrate, mentioning a total of 197 reasons. The following graph shows the proportion and percentage of reasons given across the group.
When analyzing the data according to sex and age, we find that (40.3%) of victims of violence and forced displacement are under 18. It is estimated that 9.2% of all victims are between 0 and 4 years old, while 34.7% are between 5 and 17.
This graphic clearly demonstrates the percentages of both underage and adult victims of violence and forced displacement.
Records of interviews with victims allow us to identify the main perpetrators and violent acts committed against them. It is important to note that several victims identified their perpetrators as associated with State institutions, including the police and military.
The form in place allows registry members to identify up to three perpetrators in the acts of violence committed against them. In this way, 561 people reported a total of 1,106 people who motivated their internal displacement. When all mentions of gangs were added up and divided by the number of respondents, gangs represent a staggering 171.8% of all mentions.
The following graph represents the types and percentages of violent perpetrators.
DISAGGREGATION OF REGISTERED ACTS OF VIOLENCE
Similar to the collection of perpetrator data, each case was allowed a maximum of three causes for their displacement. Throughout 2018, 561 people reported a total of 1,106 catalysts. Out of all cases reported, 67.2% indicated threats as a trigger for displacement. Importantly, threats tend to be directly related to other causes, such as the murder of a family member, fear of violence, and attempted homicide.
The following graph shows only the most common acts of violence. The complete dataset can be found in the virtual library infographic for 2018.
Despite these serious acts of violence, almost all victims do not formally report their cases due to fear of retaliation. Many victims also distrust the State, living with the perception that the State will not help them.